20 Most Common Vietnamese Adjectives That You Must Know

Vietnamese adjectives is not difficult!

In this lesson, we will learn some of the most common adjectives and their opposites in Vietnamese that you can use to describe things and objects.

If you are new to the Vietnamese language, I highly recommend you to start with my free course "Learn Vietnamese Basics in 1 Hour"

How Adjectives work in Vietnamese

An adjective is simply a word that describes a noun. In Vietnamese, adjectives are placed after the noun that it describes or modifies. For instance:

  • Cái áo màu đỏ
    The red shirts

  • Nhạc to
    Loud music

In Vietnamese, there are also something called adjective-like verbs.

These are words that behave like an adjective, and when translated into English, are equivalent to "to be" (am/is/are/was/were) plus an adjective.

  • Cái áo này đẹp
    This shirt is pretty

  • Phở bò ngon
    Beef pho is tasty

Common Vietnamese Adjective List

Here is the list 10 common adjectives and their opposites in Vietnamese with example sentences.

1. TO vs NHỎ

to - big, large or loud
nhỏ - small, soft or low volume sound


  • Mình muốn một cái túi vừa phải, không to không nhỏ
    I want a bag that is just right, not too big, not too small

  • Nhạc to quá! Làm ơn vặn nhỏ lại!
    The music is too loud! Please turn (it) down!

2. CAO vs THẤP

cao - tall, high
thấp - short, low in height


  • Mình thì cao, còn chị gái mình thì thấp
    I’m tall, while my sister is short

3. NGẮN vs DÀI

ngắn - short in length
dài - long


  • Bạn thích con gái tóc ngắn hay là tóc dài?
    Do you like girls with short hair or long hair?

4. NẶNG vs NHẸ

nặng - heavy
nhẹ - light (in terms of weight)


  • Em xách cái túi nhẹ đi, để anh xách cái túi nặng!
    You carry the light bag, let me carry the heavy bag!


rộng - wide, big (in terms of space)
chật - tight


  • Quần này hơi chật. Bạn có quần rộng hơn không?
    These pants are a bit tight. Do you have wider pants?

6. DÀY vs MỎNG

dày - thick
mỏng - thin


  • Bạn thích ăn đế pizza dày hay là mỏng?
    Do you like to eat thick or thin pizza crust?

7. CỨNG vs MỀM

cứng - hard, tough
mềm - soft, tender


  • Mình thích nằm nệm cứng hơn là nệm mềm
    I prefer a hard mattress to a soft mattress


nhanh - fast
chậm - slow or slowly


  • Đi tàu chậm lắm! Đi máy bay nhanh hơn!
    Taking the train is very slow! Taking the plane is faster!

9. MỚI vs CŨ

mới - new - old


  • Mình mua cái điện thoại mới thay thế cái cũ bị hỏng.
    I bought a new phone to replace the old one got broken.

10. SẠCH vs DƠ

sạch - clean
- dirty


  • Khăn của mình bị dơ. Cho mình mượn một cái khăn sạch.
    My towel got dirty. Please lend me a clean towel.

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