Vietnamese New Year is called "Tết Nguyên Đán" or simply "Tết". It is the most important and popular festival in Vietnam where everyone comes home to celebrate new year with their families.
If you're living in Vietnamese or have Vietnamese family members, the best way to anticipate for Tết is to learn how to greet and wish others Happy New year in Vietnamese.
So in this lesson, you'll learn:
1. Chúc mừng năm mới
2. "Năm mới vui vẻ"
To wish someone for New Year, you can follow the pattern below
"Năm mới, chúc + [term of address] + [wishes]"
= New year, wish you ___
The terms of address, or "pronouns" are words that you use to address someone in Vietnamese.
You can learn about it in my free course Learn Vietnamese Basics in 1 Hour for Absolute Beginner. Here's a summary:
to call a same-age friend or a stranger around your generation (casual)
anh (older brother)
to call an older male in your generation
chị (older sister)
to call an older female in your generation
em (younger sibling)
to call a younger male or female in your generation
to call a man in your parent's generation
to call a woman in your parent's generation
to call a man in your grandparent's generation
to call a woman in your grandparent's generation
to call a younger male or female in your child/grandchild's generation
So what can you wish someone with? Here are some suggestions:
peace (= nothing bad would come)
công việc thuận lợi
work/job goes smoothly
công việc thăng tiến
có nhiều niềm vui
have lots of happiness
Following the given patterns, we'll have complete phrases like this to wish someone.
Năm mới, chúc ông sức khoẻ
New year, wish you (grandpa) health
Năm mới, chúc anh công việc thuận lợi
New year, wish you your work goes smoothly
Năm mới, chúc mẹ sức khoẻ và có nhiều niềm vui
New year, wish you (mom) health and have lots of happiness.
On the first day of Tết, family members, relatives and close family friends would wish each other luck and prosperity. Here are some common wishes that you can use.
Vạn sự như ý
Everything goes according to your wishes
Dồi dào sức khoẻ
Plenty of health
Tiền vô như nước
Money goes in like water
Tiền ra nhỏ giọt
Money goes out like water drops
Sống lâu trăm tuổi
Live long till 100 years (for elders)
Hay ăn chóng lớn
Eat well, grow rapidly (for children)
Below is the list of common words that you would hear or see during Tết.
means "New Year’s Eve".
pháo hoa / pháo bông
refers to the lucky money given to the children my the adults during Tết, often in a red envelop.
refers to the action of giving New Year wishes.
literally "raise the glasses".
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