To express the full dates in Vietnamese, we simply follow the order:
Day of the Week − Day of the Month − Month − Year
In Vietnamese it would be:
Thứ − Ngày − Tháng − Năm
This lesson would be very easy if you already know how to count from 0 to 99 in Vietnamese. But if you don’t know yet, you can take my free course on Vietnamese Numbers and Money here.
NOTES: After watching the video, please read the full blog, as I also include how to ask about day/date/month in Vietnamese, and other useful time expressions that are not in the video.
Let’s first start with “the year”!
The word “year” in Vietnamese is Năm, which is also “number 5” so don't be confused!
mười lăm năm
So to read the year in Vietnamese, we read the first 2 numbers as single digits, the last 2 numbers are read as 1 single number. Like this:
hai-không-hai (mươi) mốt
2021 (two-zero-twenty one)
một-chín-chín (mươi) hai
1992 (one-nine-ninety two)
Where the word mươi can be omitted, which is one of the rules in Vietnamese numbers. Again, you can learn all the rules in my free 'Vietnamese Numbers' course.
If the year is between 1929 to 2000, sometimes you can just say the last 2 digits of the year, for short. For example:
năm năm chín
refers to the year "1959"
năm tám tư
refers to the year "1984"
These days, young people who were born from the year 2000, would say their year of birth is 2k (hai ka) which means 2000, 2k2 (hai ka hai) would be 2002, where “k” stands for thousand.How to say Colors in Vietnamese - with Video and Examples
Months of the year in Vietnamese is Tháng.
There are 12 months in a year. So to say January to December in Vietnamese, we place the word tháng in front of a number, starting from one to twelve.
THÁNG + [1 ... 12]
|January||tháng một / tháng giêng|
|April||tháng tư / tháng bốn|
|November||tháng mười một|
|December||tháng mười hai|
As you can see from the above table, here are 2 things that you need to note:
You may also hear some people use the word mùng (Southern dialect) or mồng (Northern dialect) to talk about the day of the month, especially during Vietnamese New Year Tết.
That is because these words are often used to call the first 10 days of the lunar calendar. For examples: mùng 1, mùng ba, mùng mười.
To ask about the month in Vietnamese, you can use the question word tháng mấy?.
When being placed at the end of the sentence, it often refers to a general question, or a question about a past or future event, depending on the context.
Tháng này là tháng mấy?
This month is what month?
Bạn đi Hà Nội (vào) tháng mấy?
You went to Hanoi what month?
You will go to Hanoi what month?
When being placed at the beginning of the sentence, it often refers to a future event.
Now we have come to the “day of the month”, which is ngày. Ngày has 2 meanings "day of the month" and also the general “date”.
So to ask “What day is today” or “What is the date today”, we would use the same question:
Where hôm nay means “today”, ngày mấy can either mean “what day?” or “what date”. Your response can be:
To ask about the day of the month or date in Vietnamese we can use the question word ngày mấy? or ngày bao nhiêu?.
When being placed at the end of the sentence, they refer to a general question, or a question about a past event, depending on the context.
Hôm qua là ngày bao nhiêu?
Yesterday was what day/date?
Bạn đi đám cưới ngày mấy?
You went to the wedding on what day/date?
You'll go to the wedding on what day/date?
When being placed at the beginning of the sentence, it often refers to a future event. However, only ngày mấy can be placed at the beginning of the sentence.
To complete the date in Vietnamese, we also need to learn about “day of the week”, which is Thứ.
There are 7 days in a week, Monday to Sunday. Sunday in Vietnamese is Chủ nhật.
To say Monday to Saturday, we simply place the word “thứ” in front of a number, starting from two to seven.
THỨ + [2 ... 7]
Please note that “Wednesday” is thứ tư and not thứ bốn, even though “bốn” also means “number 4”.
Now that you have learned how to say the year, month, day of the month, and day of the week, let's try to read some dates in Vietnamese.
How would you read the following dates?
Below are some useful words to express date/time in Vietnamese.
|DAY||hôm qua |
|ngày mai |
|WEEK||tuần trước |
|tuần sau / |
|MONTH||tháng trước |
|tháng này |
|tháng sau / |
|YEAR||năm ngoái |
|năm sau / |
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